Foreward | Executive Summary | Overview | Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Conclusion

 

OVERVIEW

The Gambia is a small country on the West Coast of Africa. It extends inland for about 400 kilometres along the banks of the river Gambia at widths varying from 24 to 28 kilometres, covering an approximate land area of 11000 square kilometres. It is bordered on the North, South and East by the Republic of Senegal and on the West by the Atlantic Ocean. With a population of about 1.1million (1993 census), growing at a rate of 4.1 percent per annum, The Gambia is a multi-ethnic and a multi-racial society with an unparalleled degree of ethnic, racial, and religious tolerance and civil tranquillity.

In the first ten years after independence, macro-economic conditions in The Gambia were broadly stable and economic growth rates impressive, averaging 6-7 percent per annum in real terms. However from 1975 to 1985, the year of world crisis, the performance of the economic weakened considerably. During this decade, the economy was confronted with numerous imbalances on both the domestic and external fronts culminating in economic crisis in the 1980s. It was in other to redress this situation that the Economy Recovery Programme (ERP) was embarked upon in mid-1985 with assistance from the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and other multilateral and bilateral donors. The ERP succeeded partly in stabilising the economy and failed to achieve the ultimate objective of ensuring sustainable growth, hence the introduction of the Programme for Sustained Development (PSD) at expiration of the ERP in 1988/89. In a nutshell, The Gambia made considerable progress in economic management since 1985. However, per capital income barely increased during this period (partly as a result of rapid demographic growth) and The Gambia still lags behind high and middle income countries in terms of social indices. The production base on economic remains narrow and national income still depend heavily volatile activities like tourism, re-export trade and an on diversified primary agricultural system with very little industrial activity.

Against this background as we enter into the Second republic it was deemed imperative for The Gambia to map out clearly a strategy for socio-economic that aims at raising the standard of living of The Gambian population by transforming The Gambia into dynamic middle-income country. This is the fundamental objective of "The Gambia Incorporated...... Vision 2020"

co-ordinated by the national think tank, the formulation this vision was released through national consensus. Consultations where made countrywide to ensure popular support and massive participation. The consultations where in the form of seminars bringing together the private, government agencies, the press and rural urban communities. In addition to allowing popular participation in certain up of national development goals the seminar reveal that The Gambia at present has a number of weaknesses which ought to be addressed in order to achieve the national development objectives. At the same time she has inherent strength and potentials which need to be properly harnessed for national socio-economic advancement.

Co-ordinated by the national think tank, the formulation this vision was released through national consensus. Consultations where made countrywide to ensure popular support and massive participation. The consultations where in the form of seminars bringing together the private, government agencies, the press and rural urban communities. In addition to allowing popular participation in certain up of national development goals the seminar reveal that The Gambia at present has a number of weaknesses which ought to be addressed in order to achieve the national development objectives. At the same time she has inherent strength and potentials which need to be properly harnessed for national socio-economic advancement.

Vision 2020 seeks to transform The Gambia into a dynamic middle income country,socially, economically and scientifically over a 25 year period. It therefore sets out the broad outline of policies to facilitate the realisation of this objective. Six major activity areas relating to Agriculture, Industry, Trade, Tourism, Financial Services and Human Resource Development call for special attention in order to attain the given level of economic development. This document, The Vision Document, is structured around these activity areas.

Part 1 of the document brings to light the objectives of the Mission Statement in more concrete terms. To give a better feel of the height of these objectives.

Part II diagnoses the present situation as measurement of Vision 2020's aspiration level.

In Part III, the strategies which will be employed to attain the objectives are discussed.


Foreward
| Executive Summary | Overview | Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Conclusion